What kind of fluids does your car have?December 8, 2021
Also known as motor oil or engine lubricant, this is probably the most commonly known fluid in your vehicle (usually because it’s the one you change most often!) Depending on the kind of engine oil that your car uses, the liquid usually consists of additional additives to improve its functionality and keep it lasting as long as possible. The main function of engine oil is to reduce the friction and wear of the moving parts in your engine. It also has many other functions like keeping the engine clean and cool.
Also known as “antifreeze,” coolant fluid is mixed with water to prevent your radiator from getting too hot in the summer/warm months, and keep it from freezing during the harsh cold temperatures of winter. Read more about coolant and why you will occasionally need to flush this system.
Brake fluid is what’s called a “hydraulic” fluid which means it serves as the mechanism for power to be transferred in a hydraulic system- like your brakes!
While this is a lesser known fluid than engine oil, it’s an important one to know because ignoring it could mean transmission issues, which is one of most expensive type of issues to fix on your vehicle. As engine oil lubricates and cools your engine, transmission fluid does the same for your transmission (i.e. gear shifting) system.
If you have ever had a power steering issue, you’ll know the importance of this fluid. Power steering fluid and the system it supports allows us to maneuver our vehicles easily. It ensures all the pieces of the power steering system work optimally.
This one is pretty simple. Wiper fluid is the liquid that helps you keep your windshield clean as you drive. Most wiper fluids have chemicals like methanol and other alcohols that give you a nice clean shine on that windshield so your visibility is maximized. Often, it contains antifreeze to keep it from freezing in the colder months.